Introduction to Nuclear Physics
Department of Physics 46301, 56301 : Spring 2002
Dr. Michael Pichowsky
Office: 209 Smith Hall, Department of Physics.
Phone : 330-672-2596
|Class hours:|| 202 Smith Hall, Department of Physics
MWF: 9:55 -- 10:45 am.
|Office hours:|| Tuesdays and Thursdays 10-11am
Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, 9:25 - 9:55am
Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, 11:00-11:30am
|Text:||Introduction to Nuclear Physics, W.N. Cottingham, D.A. Greenwood.|
Introductory Nuclear Physics, K.S. Krane;
Nuclear and Particle Physics, R.J. Blin-Stoyle.
|Prerequisites:||Modern Physics (Phys 36001) and
Analytic Geometry and Calculus (Math 22005)
Homepage is updated regularly during semester.
|1||24 Jan 2002||Homework #1: Einstein energy E (pdf).|
|2||01 Feb 2002||Homework #2: Rutherford scattering (pdf).|
|3||08 Feb 2002||Homework #3: Form factors and charge distributions (pdf).|
|4||22 Feb 2002||Homework #4: Radioactive decays and daughters (pdf).|
|5||01 Mar 2002||Homework #5: Unstable daughters and natural series (pdf).|
|6||15 Mar 2002||Homework #6: Nuclear binding and valley of stability (pdf).|
|7||12 Apr 2002||Homework #7: Review of groups and Dirac notation (pdf).|
|8||19 Apr 2002||Homework #8: Wigner-D matrices and unitary transformations (pdf).|
|9||26 Apr 2002||
Homework #9: Clebsch-Gordans, spin and isospin in N* decays
Useful table of Clebsch-Gordan coefficients (pdf, ps).
|Note:||Homework sets are posted here Fridays and are usually due on the following Friday.|
The motives behind nuclear and particle physics and the objectives of this course in particular. Theories of nature and the fundamental forces. Laws of energy and momentum conservation.
Special relativity and spherical coordinates.
Special relativity, and non-relativistic limit. Spherical coordinates and solid angles.
|Jan 16, 18, 23||
Scattering of hard spheres. Differential cross sections. Coulomb interactions and Rutherford cross section.
Jan 25, 28, 30
Feb 1, 4
Nuclear sizes and form factors.
Fourier analysis and the Dirac delta function. Justifying form factors with Quantum Mechanics. Charge distributions, skin thickness and charge radii of nuclei.
|Feb 6, 8,||
Composition of nuclei.
Basic components of nuclei. Discovery of neutron. Reaction energetics and Q-values. Thresholds of endothermic reactions. Nuclear notation.
|Feb 11, 13, 18||
Alpha, beta and gamma decays, and electron capture. Law of radioactive decay and half-lives. Branching fractions, parents and daughters.
Midterm Examination 1
Topics covered: Everything prior to Radioactivity.
|Feb 20, 22, 25||
Growth of daughters and secular equilibrium. The natural radionuclide series. Determining the Earth's age. Radioactive-carbon 14C dating.
Stability of nuclei.
SI units, Atomic units and Natural units. Binding energy B and mass defects. B/A plot of stable nuclei. Basic nuclear fusion and nuclear fission. Stellar energy and Hydrogen Cycle.
Nuclear models I
Fermions and Pauli-exclusion principle. Fermi-filling model.
|Mar 6, 8, 11, 13||
Nuclear models II
Liquid drop model. Coulomb energy of a spherical nucleus. Weizsacker mass formula M(A,Z) and B/A. Stability of nuclei from mass formula M(A,Z). Testing limits of mass formula. The nuclear matter limit.
Midterm Examination 2
Topics covered: Radioactivity up to (and including) Nuclear Models II.
|March 25--29||Spring Recess. No classes.|
Mar 15, 18, 20
Apr 1, 3, 5,
Apr 8, 10, 12
Apr 15, 17, 19
Fundamental principles of quantum mechanics.
Observation of intrinsic spin and Stern-Gerlach measurements. Group theory and vector spaces. Lie groups, angular momentum and representation theory. Instrinsic spin. LS couplings and Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. Operators and their eigenvalues. Nuclear Shell Model and magic numbers. Isospin and the nucleon.
|Apr 22, 24, 26||
Alpha decay and the deuteron.
The Schroedinger equation and reduced mass. Quantum theory of alpha decays and tunneling. Deuteron as a square-well bound state. Deuteron charge radius and form factors.
May 1, 3
Strong interactions of particles.
Particles and particle-holes or matter and anti-matter? Feynman diagrams and Yukawa-pion exchange. Mesons, baryons hadron spectroscopy. Quark flavor and color. Constructing hadrons from quarks. Discovery of Charmonium.
Exam is on Wednesday, May 8 2002.
10:15am -- 12:30pm in 202 Smith Hall.
Class dates :
Mar 1,4,6,8,11,13,15,18,20,22,25--29(Spring); Apr 1,3,5,8,10,12,15,17,19,22,24,26,29; May 1,3
|Links to nuclear physics sites|