Introduction to Nuclear Physics Department of Physics 46301, 56301 : Spring 2002 
Instructor: 
Dr. Michael Pichowsky
pichowsk@phys.kent.edu Office: 209 Smith Hall, Department of Physics. Phone : 3306722596 

Class hours:  202 Smith Hall, Department of Physics
MWF: 9:55  10:45 am. 

Office hours:  Tuesdays and Thursdays 1011am Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, 9:25  9:55am Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, 11:0011:30am 

Text:  Introduction to Nuclear Physics, W.N. Cottingham, D.A. Greenwood.  
Optional Texts: 
Introductory Nuclear Physics, K.S. Krane; Nuclear and Particle Physics, R.J. BlinStoyle. 

Prerequisites:  Modern Physics (Phys 36001) and
Analytic Geometry and Calculus (Math 22005) 

Grading: 


Class Homepage:  http://cnr2.kent.edu/~pichowsk/IntroNuc/
Homepage is updated regularly during semester. 
Course Homework 
Set  Due Date  Assignment 
1  24 Jan 2002  Homework #1: Einstein energy E (pdf). 
2  01 Feb 2002  Homework #2: Rutherford scattering (pdf). 
3  08 Feb 2002  Homework #3: Form factors and charge distributions (pdf). 
4  22 Feb 2002  Homework #4: Radioactive decays and daughters (pdf). 
5  01 Mar 2002  Homework #5: Unstable daughters and natural series (pdf). 
6  15 Mar 2002  Homework #6: Nuclear binding and valley of stability (pdf). 
7  12 Apr 2002  Homework #7: Review of groups and Dirac notation (pdf). 
8  19 Apr 2002  Homework #8: WignerD matrices and unitary transformations (pdf). 
9  26 Apr 2002 
Homework #9: ClebschGordans, spin and isospin in N^{*} decays
(pdf).
Useful table of ClebschGordan coefficients (pdf, ps). 
Note:  Homework sets are posted here Fridays and are usually due on the following Friday. 
Course Syllabus 
Class dates  Topics 
Jan 14 
Introduction. The motives behind nuclear and particle physics and the objectives of this course in particular. Theories of nature and the fundamental forces. Laws of energy and momentum conservation. 
Jan 16 
Special relativity and spherical coordinates. Special relativity, and nonrelativistic limit. Spherical coordinates and solid angles. 
Jan 16, 18, 23 
Classical scattering. Scattering of hard spheres. Differential cross sections. Coulomb interactions and Rutherford cross section. 
Jan 25, 28, 30 Feb 1, 4 
Nuclear sizes and form factors. Fourier analysis and the Dirac delta function. Justifying form factors with Quantum Mechanics. Charge distributions, skin thickness and charge radii of nuclei. 
Feb 6, 8, 
Composition of nuclei. Basic components of nuclei. Discovery of neutron. Reaction energetics and Qvalues. Thresholds of endothermic reactions. Nuclear notation. 
Feb 11, 13, 18 
Radioactivity I. Alpha, beta and gamma decays, and electron capture. Law of radioactive decay and halflives. Branching fractions, parents and daughters. 
February 15 
Midterm Examination 1
Topics covered: Everything prior to Radioactivity. 
Feb 20, 22, 25 
Radioactivity II. Growth of daughters and secular equilibrium. The natural radionuclide series. Determining the Earth's age. Radioactivecarbon ^{14}C dating. 
Feb 27 Mar 1 
Stability of nuclei. SI units, Atomic units and Natural units. Binding energy B and mass defects. B/A plot of stable nuclei. Basic nuclear fusion and nuclear fission. Stellar energy and Hydrogen Cycle. 
Mar 4 
Nuclear models I Fermions and Pauliexclusion principle. Fermifilling model. 
Mar 6, 8, 11, 13 
Nuclear models II Liquid drop model. Coulomb energy of a spherical nucleus. Weizsacker mass formula M(A,Z) and B/A. Stability of nuclei from mass formula M(A,Z). Testing limits of mass formula. The nuclear matter limit. 
March 22 
Midterm Examination 2
Topics covered: Radioactivity up to (and including) Nuclear Models II. 
March 2529  Spring Recess. No classes. 
Mar 15, 18, 20 Apr 1, 3, 5, Apr 8, 10, 12 Apr 15, 17, 19 
Fundamental principles of quantum mechanics. Observation of intrinsic spin and SternGerlach measurements. Group theory and vector spaces. Lie groups, angular momentum and representation theory. Instrinsic spin. LS couplings and ClebschGordan coefficients. Operators and their eigenvalues. Nuclear Shell Model and magic numbers. Isospin and the nucleon. 
Apr 22, 24, 26 
Alpha decay and the deuteron. The Schroedinger equation and reduced mass. Quantum theory of alpha decays and tunneling. Deuteron as a squarewell bound state. Deuteron charge radius and form factors. 
Apr 29 May 1, 3 
Strong interactions of particles. Particles and particleholes or matter and antimatter? Feynman diagrams and Yukawapion exchange. Mesons, baryons hadron spectroscopy. Quark flavor and color. Constructing hadrons from quarks. Discovery of Charmonium. 
May 8 
Final examination
Exam is on Wednesday, May 8 2002. 10:15am  12:30pm in 202 Smith Hall. 
Class dates :
Jan 14,16,18,21(MLK),23,25,28,30;
Feb 1,4,6,8,11,13,15,18,20,22,25,27
Mar 1,4,6,8,11,13,15,18,20,22,2529(Spring);
Apr 1,3,5,8,10,12,15,17,19,22,24,26,29;
May 1,3
Links to nuclear physics sites 